They are also the essential pollinators of the plant. The following adaptations allow plants to survive in the conditions of the rainforest. These vessels are opened and the latex which runs out is collected in buckets. This is beneficial to the giant honey bee, an insect that nests high in the tree’s branches. The emergent trees are the massive trees with tall statures like that of a tower ranging from a height of 115 to 230 feet. Rattans are vines; long plants which are unable to support themselves. Bromeliads are affiliated to the pineapple family of plants (Ananas comosus and other species include tillandsias (Tillandsia spp and strap air plants (Catopsis spp.). Common Examples of Tropical Rainforest Plants Some of the tropical rainforest plants are pineapple, pepper, palm tree, orchid, fern, peanut, orange, lemon, coffee, banana and avocado. The elasticity of the rubber tree can make it reach a height of up to 100 feet (30 m). Bougainvillea is a rainforest plant. Its fruit is food for many rainforest animals. Epiphytes even grow on other epiphytes! An example of vine species is the strangler fig (Ficus aurea), a parasitic plant with thick foliage and thick roots that, in the future, kills its host plant. Pitcher plants have evolved to prey on insects, and are found in areas in which the soil is low in nutrients. The rainforest plants are found in the rainforest habitats. Despite this, it still makes up only 1% (5 billion) of the 390 billion trees in the region. A wide range of varieties and colors of passion flowers spreads across the tropical rainforests of South America. © 2021 Gardening Bank | All rights reserved. We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. They don’t have roots in the ground, and have evolved various strategies for obtaining water and nutrients. The kapok trees are some of the largest trees that can be found in any rainforest growing up to a whopping 200 feet in height at a rate of 13 feet per year! It is not closely related to true oak trees. As its name implies, it can be used to make furniture. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program. News and facts about animals, natural history and science. No tropical rainforest plants list would be complete without a carnivorous plant! Monkey Brush Vine (Combretum rotundifolium), How To Stop A Palm Tree From Growing Taller, How to Trim Palm Tree Trunk [7 Pro Steps]. Their leaves have a waxy coating in order to remove the excess water. It is a good source of … Thousands of new, high-quality pictures added every day. Bougainvilleas are well-known for their beautiful flower-like leaves, which grow around the actual flower. Many epiphytes avoid harming the plants on which they grow. This is because tropical rainforests have shallow soil, and plants offer the framework. The strangler fig lattice, which is often formed by more than one fig, is by then strong enough to support its own weight. These thick, woody plants have roots in the ground and wrap themselves around other plants in order to reach the sunlight. Plants: The amazon rainforest is a home for many different types of plants, though the two most well know would have to be the Brazil Nut Tree and Orchids. While heliconias can vary in size and shape, heliconia plants are usually long, around 4.5 meters (15 feet) in length with large leaves that can potentially grow anywhere from 15–300 cm (6 in-10 ft). Known as the Hanging Lobster Claw, this colorful Amazonian vegetation blossoms and spreads a shade while providing diverse shapes and sizes. Its fruit are eaten, and its wood used in building. Lianas develop to around 200 meters (650 ft.) with some developing and connecting more plants and trees. The rubber sap produced by the trees is used for the manufacturing of latex that is still used in the present era for the production of goods made with rubber and specials tires of cars. The Rainforests houses more than 2,500 types of vines, of 90% of the world’s total. Numerous rainforest vines develop, starting from top to bottom of the roots through the hidden under layers of the stem. Many cultures use the plant to treat a wide range of conditions. Its huge leaves can be up to 3 metres (9.8 ft.) in diameter. The Kapok tree is an extremely majestic plant, it can grow to a height in upwards of one hundred and fifty feet tall, the trunk of the tree can reach nine feet in diameter. The plant has many traditional and medicinal uses. There are more than around 80,000 different species of  Rainforest plants, and these include flowers with special features and adaptations, trees with the unique root system, shrubs, bushes, and many vines that are utilized by man either for commercial or food purposes. Bromeliads - distant relatives of the pineapple family. Its fruit is edible, and an important food in the Amazon region. Photo: Dick Culbert (cropped / resized by ActiveWild) [CC BY 2.0]Tualang trees grow in the rainforests of Southeast Asia. Follow Tilly the Toucan as she leads you through the rainforest, discovering a couple of different plants in each layer of the rainforest. They tower over the other trees in the forest, forming the emergent layer – the top layer of the rainforest. Read Also: When To Cut Back Plants for Winter. These plants are generally fat free, and saturated fat free. The vanilla orchid was first used as a flavouring by the Aztecs. Inside its juicy berries are coffee beans that eventually make this plant one of the most important plants in the world. Monkey Brush Vine is a mysterious plant that grows like a parasite on different trees and plants all through the forest. The emergent wears an umbrella formed look at their tops, and they are broadly dispersed. The rain forest is a biodiverse ecological system that encompasses two-third of the plant life on earth. In order to get the bees’ help, the plants offer the insects a reward: a specially scented substance that can be used by male bees to attract females. In the tropical rainforest, the product of Passiflora edulis is the most popular species, and its organic products are utilized in juices and sweets. Rattans are harvested and used in furniture construction. These woody plants are what hold up large trees in a comprehensive and elaborate system. Also, the tree accounts for 70% of the total plant species of … Rainforests are home to 80 percent of the world's terrestrial biodiversity, which means the next “it” plant is probably there right now, just waiting to be discovered. However, its seeds were in the end wrongfully pirated to Southeast Asia, where the tree effectively spread. The diversity of plants is great enough that one hectare of land accounts for 40 to 100 species. Follow the link below to find out more and to sign up! … Because of this feature and their beautiful colored foliage, they harbor up to 10 gallons of water, which serve as a reservoir or host for housing house plants such as water-loving fish, amphibians, and insects. The Earth’s biomes are interdependent, meaning that imbalance in certain ecosystems can cause massive disruptions in others. Instead, they wrap themselves around other trees. Veiled stinkhorn fungi, found in tropical rainforests, smell like rotting food! A complete species of animals pollinate the beautiful blossoms, such as hummingbirds, honey bees, bats, and even wasps. Swietenia trees are native to the rainforests of the Americas. The banana is not a fruit, but an herb. Vanilla orchids grow like vines, climbing up other trees. Types Of Tropical Rainforest Plant Vines. Passionflowers are one of the most loved flowers to experience in the rainforest. Epiphytes. Download free rainforest worksheets here: You can find out more about tropical rainforest plants here. Hooked spines on their stems allow them to climb up the other trees towards the sunlight. They attach themselves to the host tree by wrapping their roots around its branches. The insects are prevented from escaping by hairs in the sides of the tube. In order to do this, some plants grow faster, some have bigger leaves, and others evolve better defences against predators. Today, the word ‘vanilla’ is usually used to describe a flavour, rather than the plant from which it comes. The strangler fig is an extremely important plant in the rainforest ecosystem. The tree is harvested for latex, a milky fluid found in vessels in the tree’s bark. This rare plant grows on vines that cross the forest floor. Throughout all the different layers of a tropical rain forest, youll find a wide variety of animals. Its timber is resistant to rot, and is used in carpentry and joinery. They have a distinctively long structure; they run from 0.5 to almost 4.5 meters (1.5–15 feet) tall, although this is determined upon the species, and their leaves are 15–300 cm (6 in-10 ft.) in size. You can find the plant in or near waterways and lakes in the Amazon Rainforest. To explain how these adaptations help the plant … Kapok trees are found in the tropical rainforests of South America, Asia and Africa. Lianas - wicker baskets, furniture and ropes are produced from this climbing vine found winding around the foliage of Brazil's tropical rainforests. A rainforest is a forest that receives heavy rainfall.The most notable rainforests are in the tropics or subtropics, mostly in the Intertropical Convergence Zone.The biggest rainforest is the Amazon rainforest, which is mostly in Brazil.Forests like this have extraordinary biodiversity. When you vacate in a jungle or explore an Amazon River voyage, one of the first eye-catchy plants you see are Victoria water lilies. These plants have a waxy, thick leaf that forms a bowl-shape, which enables those collects to rain in … They are not related however (palm trees are modern, flowering plants), and palm trees like much more light than ferns and tree ferns. Most of us think of monkeys when we think of rain forests. There are many varieties of this type of tree some exhibiting a defense mechanism regularly adopted by plants: thorns! The Amazon Rainforest alone provides a habitat for over 40,000 plant species! Some species of bamboo can grow 90 cm (3 ft.) in one day! A colourful entry to the tropical rainforest plants list, Bougainvilleas are native to South America. Countries in which they are found include Thailand, Indonesia and Malaysia. There are two types of rainforests – tropical and temperate. Copyright © 2021 This tropical rainforest plants list includes flowers with special adaptations, trees with unusual root structures, and many plants that are used by man either for food or to make other goods and products.